The Provincia Romana, in the South-East of France, was the first province conquered by the ancient Romans beyond the Alps. Over the centuries, its Latin name evolved into the present “Provence”. Today, this region extends from the lower Rhône River to the Italian Western border, overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, and largely corresponds with the administrative region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur and the sub-regions of Var, Bouches-du-Rhône, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, parts of the Alpes- Maritimes and Vaucluse.The largest city of the region is Marseille.
The mild and warm Mediterranena climat of this area, often subjected to the dry Mistral wind, is particularly favourable for the cultivation of grapes and the production of the well-known Côtes-du-rhône wines. Local red wines (Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Gigondas, Bandole, Palette) can stay in the cellars for many years, while the fruity rosé and the aromatic whites must be consumed young. The reds and the rosé are made from at least two main varieties of Cinsault, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Shiraz and Tibouren. Grapes like Bordeaux, Cabernet-Sauvignon (max. 30%), Calitor and Carignan (max. 30%) are used as secondary varietis, while Clairette blanche, Sémillon, Trebbiano and Fermentino are mostly used to produce white wines.