Piedmont is the second largest administrative region of Italy, located in the North- West of the country. The name 'Piedmont' comes from Medieval Latin, Pedemontium or Pedemontis, and means “at the foot of the mountains”, as it is surrounded on three sides by the Alps and the Appenines. Most of the region is occupied by mountains, while the hills and the plains coincide with the upper part of the basin of the Po, the largest and longest river in Italy.
In early historic times, this area was home to Celtic-Ligurian tribes, such as the Taurini and the Salassi, who were subdued by the Romans around 220 B.C. Modern Turin was a Roman colony called Augusta Taurinorum. In the 5th century, after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the region was invaded by the Burgundians and the Ostrogoths and, a century later, by the Lombards and the Franks. With Oddo of Savoy, in 1046, this territory became the cradle of the future Savoyard state. After Italy's reunification in 1860, the Savoy became kings of Italy until 1945, when the country was proclaimed a republic.
Piedmont is one of the great winegrowing regions in Italy. More than half of its 700 square kilometres (170,000 acres) of vineyards are registered with DOC designations and produce such prestigious wines as Barolo, Barbaresco, Moscato
d'Asti and sparkling Asti Spumante. The winemaking area spreads among the provinces of Alessandria, Asti, Cuneo, Novara, Biella, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola and the region's capital, Turin.
Among the 350 indigenous grape varieties, the best known are Nebbiolo (mainly used for Barbera and Barbaresco wines), Grignolino, Barbera, Brachetto, Dolcetto and Freisa. For centuries Piedmont has been - and still is – one of the main suppliers of wines of the highest qualification.
It is worth mentioning that the region is also the birthplace of the world famous Vermouth, an ancient white wine created with the addition of herbs, spices and absinthe (which is called 'Wermuth' in German). But the Vermouth as we know it today was first made in Turin in 1786 by Antonio Benedetto Carpano, from a white muscat wine mixed with other wines and a special infusion of herbs, roots and 50 more ingredients.
Typical red wines
Barbera, Barbaresco, Barolo, Boca, Brachetto, Bramaterra, Dolcetto D'Alba, Freisa d'Asti, Gattinara, Ghemme, Grignolino, Nebbiolo d'Alba, Nizza, Roero.
Typical white wines
Alta Langa Spumante, Arneis, Cortese di Gavi, Erbaluce, Malvasia, Moscato
This wines you can find by Winedobona:
- Monferrato Astigiano
- Alto Monferrato
- Basso Monferrato
- Colli Tortonesi
- Colli Novaresi
- Coste della Sesia
- Colline Novaresi
- Valli Ossolane
- Colline Saluzzesi
- Montagne Torinesi
- Collina Torinese