Languedoc, known in the Middle Ages as the pays de Langue d'oc, is today France's largest wine-producing area. Most of its vineyards extend along 240 km of the coastline. The climate in summer is dry and hot, and droughts are common, especially between May and September, so that the cultivation of grapes and olives is the only possible form of farming in most parts of the region.
Starting from the 1970s, the Aramon variety replaced the Carignan and in the mid-80s some other quality varieties were also introduced in the area. On account of these varieties, as well as for the sun and warm climate, Languedoc wines tend to be rich and full-bodied, with an above-average alcohol content.