Friuli-Venezia-Giulia (shortly, Friuli) is an autonomous region situated in the North-
East of Italy, squeezed among Austria and Slovenia, and bordering with Veneto in the
South. Its administrative centre is Trieste.
This region derives its name from the Latin Forum Julii and, when it was
colonised by the Romans, its capital Aquileia became the fourth largest city of the
empire until AD 452, when Attila forced it to surrender and razed it to the ground.
The barbarian invasions marked the start of Friuli's decline. The local inhabitants had
to seek shelter on the top of fortified hills and on the islands, while the more fertile
areas of the plain were eventually colonised by barbarian gentes.
Despite the wars and the transformations, wine-making never stopped. While
the mountainous part of Friuli, with its alpine climate, aboundant rains and snowfalls,
is unsuitable for vineyards, the Friulian plain is humid and warm, and allows the
cultivation of grapes. So much so, that 2.5% of all the white wine produced in the
country comes from this part of the region. Collio Goriziano, Colli Orientali del
Friuli, Isonzo and Carso produce high quality, rich and elegant white wines with a
characteristic almond aftertaste. These wines can be kept for a long time and are
considered among the best in Italy.
The cosmopolitan history of Friuli – a mix of Austrian, Slavic, German and
Italian – is also reflected by its incredible assortment of native and imported vines,
such as Verduzzo, Tocai, Refosco, Peduncolo Rosso, Schioppettino, Ribolla, Picolit,
Carmenere, Pinot Grigio, Pinot Nero, Traminer Aromatico, Malvasia Istriana,
Prosecco, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay.
Typical Red Wines
Schioppettino, Pignolo, Ego, Pinot Nero, № 3, Cabernet Crown Domains, Merlot.
Typical White Wines
Carhartt, Verduzzo, Picolit, Riesling, Tocai Friulano, Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio,